This last chapter of 2 Samuel teaches us that God uses even Man’s failure to demonstrate his surpassing grace.
Four simple lessons here: call on God for deliverance; obey his word; go into the battle with faith; give thanks to Christ before unbelievers.
As the leader of Israel, King David is compelled to respond to Saul’s earlier crimes against the Gibeonites as well as the request to avoid risky personal combat.
When the tribes of Israel meet at Gilgal, there is not peace and covenant renewal as with Samuel’s meeting but rather rivalries and dissension. David’s silence allows critical divisions to form.
We see in the many attempts to diffuse rivalry and division in Israel after the defeat of Absalom’s rebellion that it is God who keeps the nation from failing and not the rule of the king alone.
The nature and events of Absalom’s death foreshadow the crucifixion and the arrival of the Gospel.